The capital, Maputo, located to the south and formerly known as Lourenco Marques, evokes some the atmosphere of its Portuguese colonial past with its wide streets lined with acacia and jacaranda trees. The Cathedral, on Independence Square, is an imposing sight, as is the neo-classical City Council Chambers nearby. The gothic style Museum of Natural History houses exhibits on many of the animal species in Mozambique.
The Fortress, one of Maputo’s oldest buildings, is now a colonial history museum. In the bay, about 20 miles from Maputo, is the lovely Inhaca Island, which is accessible by both boat and aircraft. Tours are organized to various parts of the island such as Ponta de Santa Maria or to Portuguese Island. Surfers seeking big waves will be drawn to Praia da Macaneta, which again can be reached by boat from Maputo.